An espresso machine brews coffee by forcing pressurized water near boiling point through a “puck” of ground coffee and a filter in order to produce a thick, concentrated coffee called espresso. The first machine for making espresso was built and patented in 1884 by Angelo Moriondo of Turin, Italy. An espresso machine may also have a steam wand which is used to steam and froth liquids (such as milk) for coffee drinks such as cappuccino and caffe latte.
The marvelous 1920s Kaiser Espresso machine, on display in the Technical Museum (Vienna, Austria). On the right is the 1950s espresso machine “Faema Nettuno”. (images: Technisches Museum, Wien, via Dieselpunks; right photo by Peter Sedlaczek)
La Pavoni: Romantica Europiccola Brass Espresso Machine
La Pavoni machine’s details, 1931 (images credit: tonx)
MJ’s Brevetti Gaggia (from Michael Jackson’s kitchen, no less) espresso and cappuccino machine features “polished chrome with bands of repousse and reticulated brass. Tank bears a Neverland plaque, is flanked by decorative Turkish tea vessels and is crested by an eagle finial.(images via 1, 2)